The Jupon

The jupon is the heraldic over garment of the knight. It is always worn above the armour. Most of the time it showed the heraldic blason of its wearer, or the blason or colours of the town, lord, group or party to which one depended on.

Jupon

De Gypoen

The jupon actually performs two tasks. First is to cover most of the body and therefore the armour. This prevents the weather to have too much influence on the combatant. It hinders the sun to heat up the armour too much, and it also greatly wards off the rain to reach the armour beneath, thus preventing rust.

Second, and actually more important, does the jupon show the colours or blason of the wearer. It can be easily said that it worked as some kind of "reversed camouflage". The purpose was to attract attention, to clearly show who you were, and to impress the adversary.

De Gypoen

The knightly jupon we show here has its wearer's blason on the front side, as well as on the back side. It doesn't have any sleeves, just reaches below the knees and has splits on its front and back to enable horse riding. The smaller splits on the sides are there to ease wear during walking or riding. The shoulderpieces are the ailettes, which we cover on the following page.

De Gypoen

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Copyright on text, images and photos by Joris de Sutter, unless noted otherwise.
This information is provided by De Liebaart and was last updated on October 14th 2002.